Discover the History and Culture of the Mt. Manaslu


6 Aug 2023 Chandra Gurung

Introduction of Mt. Manaslu

Mt. Manaslu, commonly referred to as the “Mountain of the Spirit”, is a breathtaking peak that is 8,163 meters (26,781 feet) tall and is regarded as one of Nepal’s crown jewels in the northern part of the Gorkha District in Nepal. Mt. Manaslu also commonly known as “Kutang” among the locals refers to “the holy peak” to highlight the mountain’s mystical. As being the eighth-highest mountain in the world, it remains a special place in the souls of mountaineers, and thrill seekers. As we look at the history of Mt. Manaslu is really deep and complicated, connecting together with mythologies, dangerous journeys, and rich cultural traditions. The mountain is highly respected by the local people, who devote religious value to it. The mountain has been blessed with an atmosphere of mysteriousness that keeps mesmerizing anybody who travels into its shadowy recesses due to local traditions that describe incredible descriptions.

Exploration and Early Attempts in Mt. Manaslu

Mt. Manaslu exploration began early in the 20th century, while mountaineers became attracted to the challenge of climbing the 8th highest peak in the world. The mountain proved to be a challenge for examination due to its isolated location and difficult terrain. The initial attempt at climbing Manaslu took place in 1952 by a Japanese team which was led by Toshio Imanishi. Although every effort they made, unfortunately, they had to turn back because of the challenging weather and deadly avalanches. After a few years, the Japanese team returned and made another attempt on May 9, 1956, which was led by Yuko Maki finally ascended Mount Manaslu, making it the first mountain to be climbed with Gyalzen Norbu and other members. It was regarded as a huge accomplishment and celebrated in Himalayan mountaineering history.

After the successful climb, a number of expeditions from various nations attempted to climb Manaslu, and only a few managed to reach the top. They have to face many challenges along the, yet Mount Manaslu keeps attracting climbers from all over the world

Mountaineering Challenges and Risks in Mt. Manaslu

Mountaineers who are planning to climb Mt Manaslu will face a number of difficulties and dangers that require strength of body, mental fortitude, and detailed preparation. A height of 8,163 meters (26,781 feet), significantly increases the risk of sickness at high elevations. The unpredictability of weather increases an additional challenge, where sudden snowstorms and strong winds create dangerous scenarios which may stop even people who are skilled climbers.

While climbing the mountain gives another difficulty, with icefalls and steep snow slopes. The risk to climbers and Sherpa assistance groups is increased by the ongoing danger of avalanches. The death rate on Manaslu is comparatively high in contrast to other eight thousand-meter mountains. Due to the area’s remoteness, climbers must be self-sufficient and have in-depth medical knowledge in order to receive quick medical attention in case there is an emergency.

The most suitable time and season for climbing Manaslu is in the spring (April and May) or in the autumn (September and October). Usually, during this period there is less possibility of snow and ice, and also because of the mild weather.

Ethnic Groups in Mt. Manaslu

A wide variety of ethnic groups lives in the Manaslu region, and each adds something special to the region’s culture. These ethnic groups have different religious rituals, celebrations, traditional arts and crafts, and lifestyles which demonstrate their close relationships to the mountains and their surroundings.


People living in the Manaslu region primarily follow a mix of Buddhist and Hindu beliefs. Buddhism is especially common among the Sherpas, who follow Tibetan Buddhism, whereas the Gurungs and Tamangs, and others, also have Buddhist traditions. On the other hand, a substantial percentage of the population is Hindu, and their beliefs peacefully mix with Buddhist traditions to provide a variety of religious traditions in the Manaslu Region.


The lifestyle of the ethnic groups in the Manaslu region focuses on their close connection with the Himalayas and the environment. Traditional livelihoods have included agriculture, and animal husbandry, with agriculture being their key role in their daily income. Another common practice is yak herding, which provides resources including meat, milk, and wool. People from the Manaslu region are well-known for their hospitality to the guests.


There are various festivities that take place throughout the year and represent the rich and diversified culture in the Manaslu region. Buddhist festivals like Mani Rimdu and Losar (Buddhist New Year) take place every year with prayer offerings, masked dances, and lively rites that promote a community. On the other hand, Hindu celebrations like Dashain and Tihar, where people gather for a meal, cultural displays, and so on.


People living in the Manaslu region have a long history of arts and crafts which indicates their cultural heritage. Their artistic abilities are most apparent in thangka paintings (Buddhist religious art), metals, and intricate wood carvings. In order to maintain their unique cultural heritage and skill, these old forms of art are being generally handed to the younger generations.

Trekking In Manaslu Region

Manaslu region is situated within Nepal’s beautiful Himalayas and gives amazing trekking adventures unlike any other. A delightful place for nature lovers and adventurers, the Manaslu trek offers an unforgettable trip through isolated valleys, woods, waterfalls, and beautiful traditional communities.

Manaslu Circuit Trek

Manaslu Circuit Trek is the most famous as it attracts people which provides an unforgettable Himalayan experience. Trekkers head on a beautiful journey through isolated valleys, historic monasteries, and traditional villages. The main attraction of the trek is when walking through Larke La Pass, might be difficult for some people but the reward you get is stunning panoramic views of Mt Manaslu.

Lower Manaslu Trek

Lower Manaslu Trekking is the ideal trek both for experienced and inexperienced trekkers. Breathtaking mountain landscapes, unique Himalayan culture, and historically significant locations can all be found. You will be staying below the safe and elevation limit. The settlements’ of different cultures combine with warm welcomes to make you feel at home.

Ultimate Manaslu Trek

Ultimate Manaslu Trek might not be easy for some people. Trekking might take around 24 days and deliver breathtaking glimpses of Mt. Manaslu. A good way to get near Mt. Manaslu and also to discover the local culture.

Tsum Valley Trek

Tsum Valley Trek is an undiscovered beauty, often termed the “Hidden Valley,” a religious, culturally significant area, and is famous for remote and traditional villages. The trek passes through beautiful scenery, historic monasteries.

The trekking in Manaslu Region gives a feeling of isolation and peacefulness letting trekkers completely lose themselves in the beautiful Himalayas. As a trek suitable for both experienced and inexperienced trekkers, on top of that, the lack of infrastructure also offers an interesting atmosphere with adventure. 


In conclusion, Mt. Manaslu holds an attraction for mountaineers, adventure seekers, and nature enthusiasts as well. The mountain, which is the 8th highest peak in the world, creates difficult obstacles to climbers due to several reasons, however,  climbers from all over the world tend to be attracted by this wonderful peak. Manaslu region is home to a wide variety of ethnic groups, with each one having its own particular culture and traditions. You may expect to receive a pleasant greeting from the locals of the Manaslu region, who are recognized for their friendliness and politeness.

Overall, Mt. Manaslu and its region have been a store of valuable natural beauty, cultural richness, and mountaineering prowess. It keeps on attracting visitors seeking an extraordinary and advantageous journey in the Himalayas.