Know Place to See in Nepal
(A) Kathmandu Durbar Squire.
This area is best well-known as Kathmandu Durbar Square lies heart of the city and is locally called Hanuman Dhoka Palace Square very old seat of the Nepalese Royalty and is listed among eight Cultural World Heritage sites by UNESCO, which palace complex consists of a variety of temples dedicated to different Hindu gods and goddess. Kathmandu Durbar Square is a cluster of ancient temples, palaces, courtyards, streets, and most of the buildings we can see date from the 15th to 18th centuries. The square is known to be the social, religious, and urban focal point of the Capital City. Taleju Temple(which is the tallest and all structure built in 1549AD by King Mahendra Malla), Kal Bhairav (one of the largest stone idols in Kathmandu representing the terrifying aspects of Shiva), Jagannath Temple(known for fascinating erotic figures carved in the wooden struts eaves which are built in the 16th decade), Kasthamandap (it stands at the south-west corner of the Square and build from the single Sal tree), Kumari Ghar(House of living goddess, 17th decade Kumari Temple an example highly developed Nepalese temple craft), Museum and many more place to visit around there.
(B) Swayambhunath or Monkey Temple.
This is the place from where we view Kathmandu Valley perfectly also known as Monkey Temple. The 3000-year-old Buddhist stupa or chaitya is 3km to the west of Kathmandu and lies on a sacred hillock about 75 meters above the valley. The main structure of the stupa consists of a solid hemisphere of brick supporting a conical spire which is surmounted by a pinnacle of gifted copper. The four-sided spire is painted with the all-seeing eyes of Lord Buddha.
(C) Patan Durbar Squre.
Patan is known as Lalitpur is the oldest town in the Kathmandu Valley. The local people call it Lalit Pura, ‘the beautiful city’. Patan is about 5km south of the capital city of Nepal and is the second largest city in the valley. The city stands on raised ground across the Bagmati River from Kathmandu. It was built during the region of King Vira Deva in 298 AD and is known for its ancient Buddhist shrines, stupas, and temples. In recent times it has also become famous for its excellent handicraft items and other souvenirs.
- Golden Temple.
This temple is known as Hiranya Varna Mahavihar which was built by King Bhaskar Verma in the 12th decade, three-storied golden pagoda style the golden image of Lord Buddha is placed on a pedestal in the upper part of the vihara. There is also a huge prayer wheel in the pagoda. The walls of the temple are decorated with intricate designs.
- Rudra Varna Mahavihar.
This Buddhist monastery has a huge image of Lord Buddha beside several other artistic statuses.
- The Kumbhkeshwar Temple.
This temple was built by King Jayasthiti Malla in 1392 AD; this is the oldest surviving temple in Patan. It is one of the 3 major temples that have five-tiered roofs. This Shiva temple is thronged with pilgrims during the Janai Purnima festival in July-August. In the center of the temple tank, there is a small shrine that has a beautiful gold and silver lingam.
- Krishna Mandir.
The Krishan Mandir is known as a stone temple because made of stone, It was built by King Siddi Narasingh Mallain in the 16th century. The temple shows the influences of Mughal architecture. It lies opposite the palace. The temple is in the form of a Shikara style. There are scenes from the Mahabaratha and Ramayana adorning the walls of this temple.
- Jagat Narayan Temple.
This red brick temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is situated at the confluence of the Bagmati and Manahara rivers. The temple is renowned for its stone images as well as an imposing metal statue of a Garuda on top of a stone monolith.
- Asoka Stupa.
Asok Stupa was built in 250 BC by Emperor Asoka when he visited Patan. This is one of the four stupas built by Emperor Asoka.
- Patan Museum.
The section of the palace around Keshav Narayan Chowk the former residence of the Malla King has been superbly renovated and houses one of the subcontinent’s finest Museums. The main attraction of the museum is an outstanding collection of cast-bronze and gilt copper work, mostly of Hindu and Buddhist deities. One gallery shows the stage involved in the production of hammered sheet metal relief design.
- The Palace Complex.
This palace was built by the Mallas during different periods of their rule, the palace consists of three main Chowks of courtyard. The Mul Chowk or the central courtyard was constructed in 1666 AD for Srinivasa Mallaand is the oldest. This two-story palace was the residence of the Patan royal family. Two stone lions stand guard at the entrance. The Bidya Mandir, a small gilded shrine is located within the complex.
- Rato Machhindra Nath Temple.
It is a three-storeyed pagoda in the early 16th century. It stands in the middle of a square grassy courtyard. The red Machhendranath is an expression of God Lokeshwara or Shiva. Every year the god is taken out in a procession during the month of May. Once in 12 years, the chariot of the god is taken to a town called Bungamati which lies 5 km from Pata. Here is Machhendra`s second residence, where the god stays every sixth month of the year and many others too, for sightseeing.
(D) Pasupatinath Temple.
This is the oldest Hindu temple and is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is situated on the sacred Bagmati River. It is built in the form of a two-toned gilded pagoda and has huge silver doors that are richly carved. There are some erotic paintings on the walls. Only Hindus are permitted to enter the main temple which is one of the sacred temples. Tourists can see this temple from the eastern side of the river. There is the Bagmati River beside that river every day dead body burn own their place I mean there are differ Hindu people’s ranks.
(E) Bauddhanath Stupa.
This octagonal-based stupa inset with prayer wheels is the largest of its kind in the world. It has four pairs of eyes in the four directions which keep watch for righteous behavior. This is 6km from the touristy area of Thamel. The side streets are full of maroon-robed monks, gleaming monastery roofs, and shop fronts full of monks.
(F) Bhaktapur Durbar Squire.
It is 12km from Kathmandu and is also called Badgaon. It is an ancient Newari city and also a Royal Malla town. The city is in the shape of a conch and is situated at an altitude of 1402m. Which was built during the 9th century by King Ananda Malla. The Traditional occupations besides agriculture are pottery and weaving. Like the other cities in the Kathmandu Valley, Bhaktapur also has its Durbar Squire at the heart of the city. The architectural grandeur of the Newaris is best visible in the building around the Durbar Squire which also has more than a dozen temples.
(G) Chagu Narayan Temple
This Temple was built around 330 AD; this is believed to be the oldest pagoda-style temple in the Kathmandu valley. The temple has excellent sculptures and carvings. From here one can see the beautiful countryside
Lumbini is the birthplace of Lord Buddha and is just 10km from the Indo-Nepal border. In ancient times, Lumbini was a royal park in Sakya territory, situated on the banks of river Rohini between Kapilavastu and Devadaha. The birth of Gautam Buddha in Lumbini makes it one of the most sacred places in the world. Year after Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha; the Buddha once visited Lumbini on his way to Devadaha and preached the Devdaha Sutta there. The Sal Trees forest where Siddhartha was born. But Asoka, in the 21st year of his region visited the forest and raised a pillar on the spot where Siddhartha was born. There are The Asoka Pillar, The Mayadevi Temple, The modern Buddhist Vihar, and many other places to see around the area.