Know Place to See in Nepal
(A) Kathmandu Durbar Squire.
This area is best well-known as Kathmandu Durbar Square lies heart of city and locally called as Hanuman Dhoka Palace Square very old seat of the Nepalese Royalty and which is listed in eight Cultural World Heritage site by UNESCO, which palace complex consists variety of temples dedicated to different Hindu gods and goddess.Kathmandu Durbar Square is a cluster of ancient temples, palaces, courtyards, streets and most of the building we can see date of 15th to 18th centuries. The square is known to be the social, religious and urban focal point of the Capital City.Taleju Temple(which is tallest and all structure build in 1549AD by King Mahendra Malla),Kal Bhairav (one of the largest stone idol in Kathmandu representing the errifying aspects of Shiva),Jaganath Temple(known for fascinating erotic figures carving I the wooden struts eaves which is build in the 16th decade), Kasthamandap (it stands at the south-west corner fo the Square and build from the single Sal tree),Kumari Ghar(House of living goddess, 17th decade Kumari Temple an example highly developed Nepalease temple craft),Museumand many more place to visit around there.
(B) Swayambhunath or Monkey Temple.
This is the place from where we view of Kathmandu valley perfectly and also known as Monkey Temple.The 3000 year oldBuddhist stupa or chaitya is 3km to the west of Kathmandu and is lies on a sacred hillock about 75mtrs above the valley. The main structure of the stupa consists of a solid hemisphere of brick supporting a conical spire which is surmounted by a pinnacle of gifted copper. The four sided spire is painted with the all seeing eyes of Lord Buddha.
(C) Patan Durbar Squre.
Patanis known as Lalitpuris the oldest town of the Kathmandu Valley. The local people call itLalit Pura, ‘the beautiful city’. Patan is about 5km south of the capital city of Nepal and is the second largest city in the valley. The city stands on raised ground across theBagmati Riverfrom Kathmandu. It was build during the region of King Vira Deva in 298AD and is known for its ancient Buddhist shrines, stupas and temples. In recent times it has also become famous for the excellent handicraft items and other souvenirs.
- Golden Temple.
This temple is known as Hiranya Varna Mahavihar which is build by king Bhaskar Verma in 12th decade, three-storied golden pagoda style the golden image of Lord Buddha which is placed on a pedestal in the upper part of the vihara. There is also a huge prayer wheel in the pagoda.The walls of the temple are decorated with intricate design.
- Rudra Varna Mahavihar.
This Buddhist monastery has a huge image of Lord Buddha beside several other artistic statuses.
- The Kumbhkeshwar Temple.
This temple was built byKing Jayasthiti Malla in 1392 AD; this is an oldest surviving temple in Patan. It is one of the 3 major temples that have five-tired roofs. This Shiva temple is thronged with pilgrims during theJanai Purnimafestival in July-August. In the centre of the temple tank there is a small shrine that has a beautiful gold and silver lingam.
- Krishna Mandir.
The Krishan Mandir is known as stone temple because made by stone, which was built by King Siddi Narasingh Mallain the 16th century. The temple shows influences of Mughal architecture. It lies opposite the palace. The temple is in the form of a Shikara style. There are scenes from the Mahabaratha and Ramayana adorning the walls of this temple.
- Jagat Narayan Temple.
This red brick temple is dedicated toLord Vishnu and is situated at the confluence of the Bagmati and Manahara rivers. The temple is renowned for its stone images as well as n imposing metal statue of a Garuda a top a stone monolith.
- Asoka Stupa.
Asok Stupa is built in 250BC by Emperor Asoka when he had visited Patan. This is one of the four stupas built by Emperor Asoka.
- Patan Museum.
The section of the palace around Keshav Narayan Chowk the former residence of the Malla King has been superbly renovated and houses one of the subcontinent finestMuseums.The main attractive of the museum is an out-standing collection of cast-bronze and gilt copper work, mostly of Hindu and Buddhist deities. One gallery shows the stage involved in the production of hammered sheet-metal relief design.
- The Palace Complex.
This palace is built by the Mallas during diffirent period of their rule, the palaces consists of three main Chowks of courtyard. The Mul Chowk or the central courtyard was constructed in 1666 AD forSrinivasa Mallaand is the oldest. This two-storey palace was the residence of the Patan royal family. Two stone lions stand guard at the entrance. The Bidya Mandir, a small gilded shrine is located within the complex.
- Rato Machhindra Nath Temple.
It is a three storeyed pagodaof the early 16th century. It stands in the middle of a square grassy courtyard. The red Machhendranath is an expression of God Lokeshwara or Shiva. Every year the god is taken out in a procession during the month of May. Once in 12 years the chariot of the god is taken to a town calledBungamatiwhich lies 5 km from Pata. Here is Machhendra`s second residence, where the god stays every sixth month of the year and we many other too, for sightseeing.
(D) Pasupatinath Temple.
This is an oldest Hindu temple and dedicated to Lord Shiva is situated on the sacred Bagmati River. It is built in the form of a two tired gilded pagoda and has huge silver doors that are richly carved. There are some erotic paintings on the walls. Only Hindus are permitted to enter the main temple which is one of the sacred temples. Tourist can see this temple from the eastern side of the river. There is Bagmati River beside that river every day death body burn own their place I mean there is differ the Hindu people rank.
(E) Bauddhanath Stupa.
This octagonal based stupa inset with prayer wheels is the largest of its kind in the world. It has four pairs of eyes in the four directions which keep watch for righteous behavior. This is 6km from touristy area Thamel. The side streets are full of maroon-robed monks, gleaming monastery roof and shop fronts full of monks.
(F) Bhaktapur Durbar Squire.
It is 12km from Kathmandu and is also called Badgaon. It is an ancient Newari city and also a Royal Malla town. The city is in the shape of a conch and is situated at an altitude of 1402m. Which is build during the 9th century by King Ananda Malla. The Traditional occupations besides agriculture are pottery and weaving. Like the other cities in the Kathmandu Valley, Bhaktapur also has its Durbar Squire at the heart of the city. The architectural grandeur of the Newaris is best visible in the building around the Durbar Squire which also has more than a dozen Temple.
(G) Chagu Narayan Temple
This Temple is build around 330 AD; this is believed to be oldest pagoda-style temple in the Kathmandu valley. The temple has excellent sculpture and carvings. From here one can see the beautiful countryside
Lumbini is the birth place of Lord Buddha and is just 10km from the Indo-Nepal border. In ancient times, Lumbini was a royal park in Sakya territory, situated on the banks of river Rohini between Kapilavastu and Devadaha. The birth of Gautam Buddha in Lumbini makes it one of the most sacred places in the world. Year after Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha; the Buddha once visited Lumbini on his way to Devadaha and preached the Devdaha Sutta there. The Sal trees forest where Siddhartha was born. But Asoka, in the 21st year of his region visited the forest and raised a pillar on the spot where Siddhartha was born. Where are The Asoka Pillar, The Mayadevi Temple, The modern Buddhist Vihar and many other places to see around the area.