The Manaslu and Tsum Valley Trek: Everything You Need to Know

The popular Manaslu and Tsum Valley trek encloses two breathtaking landscapes in Nepal’s Gorkha. 

The Tsum Valley, a region in the Gorkha district of western Nepal, is under the authority of the Manaslu Conservation Area. Tsum Valley is a rural and lonely valley in northern Nepal, close to the Tibetan border.

It is well-known for its distinct Culture, breathtaking beauty, and rich spiritual tradition. The Tsum Valley trek is popular for trekkers and tourists seeking another experience. 

The trail winds through mesmerising villages, lush forests, and high mountain valleys, with breathtaking landscapes of the Himalayas along the way.

The trek usually takes 12-18 days depending on the route and schedule. It is a moderate to difficult hike that needs good physical fitness and acclimatisation to high altitudes.

The Manaslu Circuit Trek and Tsum Valley Trek are two of Nepal’s most scenic and challenging trekking locations.

The Best Part of the Manaslu Hike Is:

Mountains on manaslu and tsum valley trek

Mountain Scenery: 

The journey provides stunning vistas of the 8,163-metre-high Manaslu peak, as well as other towering peaks like Himal Chuli, Langtang, and Ganesh Himal.

Ancient Lifestyle: 

The journey passes through rural villages inhabited by Gurung, Tamang, and Tibetan people, providing an opportunity to learn about their distinct cultures and way of life.

Eye Catchy Scenario: 

The walk passes through various landscapes, including subtropical forests, alpine meadows, and high-altitude deserts.

The Best Part of the Manaslu Hike Is:

Lonely and Unspoiled Beauty: 

Tsum Valley is a remote and uninhabited valley that is generally less travelled, making it the perfect place for people looking for a genuinely genuine and serene experience.

Historical Expedition

Tsum Valley is acknowledged for its rich cultural legacy, which includes historic monasteries, stupas, and gompas that date back thousands of years.

Natural Hot Springs: 

Along the way, various natural hot springs are thought to have medicinal powers and provide a peaceful and renewing experience.

An Unforgettable Experience:

The Manaslu Circuit Trek and the Tsum Valley Trek provide a one-of-a-kind and remarkable experience that blends natural beauty, cultural richness, and a sense of adventure.

Trek Highlights: Manaslu Circuit and Tsum Valley

Lifestyle on manaslu and tsum valley trek
  • The trek takes you through remote villages inhabited by various ethnic groups, providing a one-of-a-kind cultural experience.
  • The hike leads you through rhododendron and bamboo forests, as well as varied biodiversity.
  • The Tsum Valley is noted for its spiritual significance, as it is home to many historic Buddhist monasteries and shrines.
  • The trek includes several difficult passes, such as Larkya La Pass (5,160 metres), which provide an exciting adventure for experienced trekkers.
  • The Manaslu Circuit and Tsum Valley Trek are less crowded than other popular trekking sites in the vicinity, providing a more quiet and intimate experience.
  • The local communities in the region are well-known for their hospitality, providing hikers with warm and inviting experiences.

Things to Keep in Mind While Hiking in the Tsum Valley and Manaslu

  • The Manaslu and Tsum Valley treks reach elevations above 5000 metres. Thus preparation is essential to avoid altitude sickness.
  • Drink plenty of warm water to stay hydrated.
  • Pack thick gear, such as a down jacket, gloves, and a cap, as temperatures can drop below freezing at higher elevations.
  •  Bring enough food for the hike and be prepared for a few food options along the way.
  • Bring a basic first-aid kit containing painkillers, band-aids, and other drugs you might need.
  • A map, compass, and GPS device might be useful in navigating the trail.
  • Purchase comprehensive travel insurance that includes trekking and emergency evacuation.
  • Special permits are needed for the Manaslu and Tsum Valley treks, which should be secured in advance.
  • Respect Local Culture; because the journey travels through rural communities, it’s crucial to show respect for the customs and traditions of the area.
  • Environmental Awareness is vital during Manaslu and Tsum valley trek. Avoid polluting and follow the Leave No Trace guidelines to reduce negative environmental impacts.

Things to Avoid While Trekking up Manaslu and Through Tsum Valley

Monuments on manaslu and tsum trek
  • The ecosystem and wildlife could be harmed if you leave trash or other litter on the trail.
  • The local flora and animals, including any protected species, should not be disturbed or damaged.
  • Don’t take part in actions that can undermine the regional Culture and customs, such as photographing individuals without their consent or approaching sacred places without showing the appropriate respect.
  • Don’t participate in unlawful activities like buying or selling things made from protected species or human trafficking.
  • Avoid using or buying items made from endangered species, such as tiger skins or ivory.
  • Avoid overexertion and undue risk-taking when participating in high-altitude hikes like Manaslu and Tsum Valley.
  • Remember that high-altitude hikes like Manaslu and Tsum Valley can be difficult and that weather conditions can change suddenly.
  • Never hike alone; always be equipped with the right resources, including a first aid kit and a map, in emergencies.
  • Avoid cutting switchbacks or causing other trail damage because this might cause erosion and make the trail less safe for hikers in the future.

Hacks Can Help You Trek More Effectively and Safely in Manaslu and Tsum Valley:

  • Bring the necessities, such as warm clothing, a decent pair of hiking boots, a first aid kit, and a water filter. Pack lightly but wisely.
  • Consume nutritional light meals – energy bars, almonds, and dried fruits are all excellent choices.
  • Pace yourself, pause when you need them, and don’t push yourself too hard.
  • Carry rain gear and a thick hat to prepare for the changing weather.
  • Hiring a local guide will help you negotiate the trail and avoid any potential dangers, in addition to giving you useful knowledge about the area.
  • Take in the breathtaking scenery, make new friends, and enjoy the experience.

When Is the Best Time to Explore Manaslu Circuit and Tsum Valley?

Manaslu Circuit and Tsum Valley are most enjoyable during September and November and March and May. Clear sky and favourable weather throughout these months make hiking and taking in the scenery easier. 

Spring is the perfect time for hiking in the area during these months because of the pleasant weather, little rain, and little precipitation. 

While the monsoon season, from June to August, brings heavy rainfall and the possibility of landslides, it can be cold and difficult to trek during those months due to heavy snowfall.

New Things That You Explore During a Manaslu and Tsum Valley Trek:

Hill on the trail of manaslu and tsum trek
  • Beautiful views of the Himalayas, including Mount Manaslu (the 8th highest mountain in the world).
  • Traditional villages, historic monasteries, and distinctive Tibetan Buddhist local customs are also part of the region’s rich cultural heritage.
  • The flora and wildlife are diversified, with rhododendron woods, alpine meadows, and endangered animals like the snow leopard.
  • Local agriculture and livelihood activities, such as terraced fields and cattle herding,
  • Adventure sports like high-altitude trekking.

Tsum Valley Trek and the Manaslu Circuit Summary List

  • It begins in Arughat and ends in Soti Khola.
  • Approximately 185 kilometres total distance
  • A blend of cultural and natural splendour, with mountain views, woodlands, and historic monasteries.
  • At 5,135 metres, it reaches the Larkya La Pass.
  • Passes through the Tsum Valley, a remote area with a rich cultural heritage, providing opportunities for cultural contacts with local people and homestay visits.
  • High altitude and rocky terrain hiking
  • Needs to be physically fit and acclimated to high altitude
  • Severe snow and unpredictably bad weather could be possible
  • Provides stunning views of mountains, including Manaslu (8,163m), Annapurna (8,091m), and Ganesh Himal (7,406m).

FAQ on the Manaslu and Tsum Valley Trek

Q: When is the ideal time to hike in Tsum Valley and Manaslu?

A: September through November and March through May are ideal for trekking in the Tsum Valley and Manaslu.

Q: How challenging is the trip between Manaslu and Tsum Valley?

A: Because of its elevation and rough terrain, the Manaslu and Tsum Valley trek is difficult. It is, however, one of Nepal’s most stunning and undiscovered treks.

Q: How long does the trek take to complete?

A: Depending on the itinerary and pace of the trekker, the trek takes roughly 15-20 days.

Q: Do I need a permit to go up Manaslu and via Tsum Valley?

A: A special permit known as the Manaslu Conservation Area is required, so yes.

Q: Is a permit required for the Manaslu and Tsum Valley treks?

A: To travel to Manaslu and Tsum Valley, you must have a special permit called a Manaslu Conservation Area Permit (MCAP) or a Tsum Valley Restricted Area Permit (TVAP).

Q: Is a guide required for the trek to Manaslu and Tsum Valley?

A: While it is practically possible to walk alone, using a certified porter or guide for the Manaslu and Tsum Valley treks is strongly advised. There are safety concerns as the trail is not signposted.

Q: What is the highest altitude the trek will reach?

A: At the Larkya La Pass, the Manaslu and Tsum Valley walk reaches its highest altitude of 5,106 metres (16,752 feet).

Q: What kind of lodging is available throughout the trek?

A: Tea houses or lodges serve as the trek’s lodging. The accommodations are shared with other trekkers and have basic amenities.

Q: What should I take with me on the hike?

A: Warm clothing, trekking equipment, a sleeping bag, a first aid kit, toiletries, and a water filtration system are all necessary items to bring.

Q: What is the typical price for a hike to Manaslu and Tsum Valley?

A: The Manaslu and Tsum Valley hike typically costs between $2,000 and $2,500, which includes accommodations, guides, and permits.

Q: What must-see attractions can you find on the Manaslu and Tsum Valley treks?

A: The Manaslu Base Camp, the lovely towns of Samagaun and Chhekampar, and the jaw-dropping Himalayan panorama from the Larkya La Pass are some of the must-see sights in the Manaslu and Tsum Valley Trek.

Manaslu Region Facts & Complete Travel Guidelines

Before you commit to setting foot on the Manaslu circuit or an expedition to the summit itself, we recommend you go through this informative article about Manaslu Facts and Travel guide we have put together. Prior knowledge of the journey you are about to embark on is essential, as this can surprisingly help you in ways unbeknownst.

Preparation is key to your Manaslu trek because trekking/climbing in this region is no joke. The Manaslu Facts and Travel Guide is designed to inform you about everything that you need to know about this trip.


This is the Eighth Highest Mountain in the world, and it stands at an altitude of 8,163 meters (26,781 ft.) above sea level. It is situated in the Mansiri Himal, in the west-central part of Nepal. Manaslu means “Mountain of spirit,” and it derives its name from the Sanskrit word Manasa meaning “Intellect.”

Manaslu was first climbed on the 9th of May 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu as a member of the Japanese Expedition. Hence, Manaslu is also called the Japanese Mountain.

Spanish group in Manaslu trekking
Trekking Group and Office Crew in Manaslu Circuit Trek

Manaslu is located 64 km east of Annapurna in the Gorkha District of Nepal. The region offers a lot of trekking options. In 1991, the Government of Nepal began permitting treks in this region, as it was a completely restricted area prior to that. This trail is on an ancient trekking route beside the Budhi Gandaki River.

We can observe 10 peaks over 6500 meters in height, including a few over 7000 meters. The highest point in the Manaslu trekking route is the Larkya La pass with an elevation of 5106 meters. Apart from climbing the Manaslu Mountain, trekking is also familiar in this region as part of the Manaslu Circuit.

The Manaslu Conservation Area was established in 1998 under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act. This area covers 1663 square kilometers (642 sq m) and is managed by National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC). The central theme of this region was— “to conserve and sustain management of the resources and rich cultural heritage, including the promotion of ecotourism.”

Nice mane wall in Lho village, Manaslu region
Mt. Manaslu View From Lho Village


The Manaslu Conservation Area consists of sub-tropical Himalayan foothills to Trans-Himalayan areas around the Tibet border. This area covers six climatic zones, from Arughat to the Larkya La Pass. The tropical zone varies from 1,000 to 2,000 meters, the temperate zone from 2,000 to 3,000 meters, the subalpine zone from 3,000 to 4,000 meters, the alpine zone from 4,000 to 5,000 meters, and the arctic area above 4500 meters.

Birendra Lake Made from Mt. Manaslu Glacier
Birendra Lake Samagaun

With views overlooking the glacial valleys, Manaslu offers several routes to mountaineers. Manaslu is surrounded by the Ngadi Chuli, Himalchuli, and Baudha peaks. Larkya Peak lies north of Manaslu, with an elevation of 5106mtrs.

The peak is also surrounded by Ganesh Himal and Buri Gandaki River gorge in the east, fissures of Marsyangdi Khola with Annapurna range hills at the west, and the Gorkha town southwards.


Manaslu Trekking group on the way to Larke La Pass Top 5130M.
On the way to Larke La Pass Top 5130M.

The permanent snow line of this region is above 5,000mtrs. Here, the annual rainfall is about 1900mm during the monsoon time (June to September). In this area, the temperatures vary widely with the climatic zone.

The temperatures during the day in summer are 20-25 degrees celsius, dropping to 15-29 degree averages at nighttime. During the winter season, one can expect single-digit temperatures during the day and sub-zero ranges of temperature at night. Of course, the arctic zone is permanently below the freezing point.


Himalayan Marmot enjoying a day time on the way to Manaslu base camp
Marmot in Manaslu region

This region is home to endangered animals like the Snow leopards and Red Pandas. Other mammals include the Lynx, Asian black bear, grey wolf, dhole, Assam macaque, Himalayan Musk deer, blue sheep Himalayan Thar, mainland serow, Himalayan goral, wooly hare, horseshoe bat, Himalayan mouse-hare, and black-lipped pika. Over 110 types of birds, 33 mammals, 11 butterflies, and 3 reptiles are found here. The hunting ban in this place has achieved the conservation of wildlife. This area is now a critical habitat for the snow leopard, grey wolf, musk deer, blue sheep, and the Himalayan Thar.

Boy in Tsum valley  and Rainbow backround of him
An innocent boy in Tsum Valley with a Rainbow Background


Pine Tress are in Manaslu Circuit Trek
Pine Tress around Bhimtang

Mainly, three types of vegetation are identified in this area. This vegetation can be categorized into Low hills, Middle mountains, and High mountains. Depending upon the microclimate and other aspects, an overlap of vegetation is noticed in adjacent areas. This region includes nineteen different types of forests, including Rhododendron and Himalaya Blue Pine. There are 19 types of forests, and other dominant vegetation has been recorded from the area. There are 1500 to 2000 species of plants growing here.

Nice and tall mani wall in tsum nubri valley
Tall Mane Wall in Tsum Nubri Valley

Trekking Routes:

The trekking route of the Manaslu region passes through mountainous terrain prone to natural calamities of monsoon rainfall, like landslides and landfalls.

Manaslu facts and travel guide: Trekking Routes

The following are the best trekking in the Manaslu Region:

  1. Manaslu Circuit Trek
  2. Manaslu Tsum Valley Trek
  3. Tsum Valley Trek
  4. Manaslu Two Passes Trek
  5. Ultimate Manaslu Trek
  6. Rupina La Pass Tsum Valley Trek
  7. Lower Manaslu Trekking

Peak Climbing/Expedition

British couple on Larke La Pass Top 5130M during there  Manaslu trip.
A British couple on Larke La Pass Top 5130M

The Manaslu expedition is a complete climbing adventure of an 8000-meter peak in the Himalayas of Nepal. It offers access to the restricted trekking region of Manaslu, which unfolds the diverse landscape and challenging climbing experience. For the Manaslu expedition, the climber needs to have excellent physical and mental preparations because it is more technical and challenging than the Cho Oyu and Sishapangma. 

It is regarded as the “4th most dangerous peak”, and climbing the Manaslu Peak requires favorable weather conditions and strength of character. The ideal time to test yourself on this expedition is during the spring season.

There are two peaks in this region for climbing.

  1. Manaslu Expedition.
  2. Larkya Peak Climbing

Annapurna Trek       Everest Trek       Peak Climbing       Langtang Trek       Tour in Nepal

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